International Journal of

Arts , Humanities & Social Science

ISSN 2693-2547 (Print) , ISSN 2693-2555 (Online)
The historical context of the birth of neo-Albanianism, a reformist tendency

Abstract

 

This article aims to concisely point toward an approach marginally delivered by scholars known otherwise as, Neo-Albanianism or Neo-Albanian movement of the ‘30s in the early 20th century. This is a period in which the already realized historical need of establishing the Albanian state, necessarily protected the inspiration towards the making of Albanians.  As Aurel Plasari says in "Counter-World of Branko Merxhani", Merxhani appears as one of the most representative configurators and galvanizers of the social and philosophical thought of the Albanian intelligence of the ‘30s. Merxhani's merit lies in the fact that he tried to orient Albanian social and political thought towards the western way in general and towards positivism in particular, precisely at the period when the Bolshevik revolution in Russia and the Marxist ideology was rapidly spreading in the international spiritual environment. This article provides a brief overview of Branko Merxhani's ideas and his positivist approach to many social phenomena in Albania in the 1930s, such as the idea of the ​​change of Albanian society, the role of philosophy and science as a promoter of transformations, the role and the interrelations between the individual and society and so on.