This paper analyses a twice-marginalised section of the global population: displaced persons living with HIV. A summary of non-governmental organisations’ (NGO) declarations on human rights is given to provide a framework through which support in camps can be analysed. Case studies are drawn from camps in Tanzania and Kenya and show that the logistics of providing HIV services that meet human rights declarations on healthcare are difficult to implement in practice. Services should instead aim to be grass-roots based to account for the cultural, political and economic dynamics that play out in various refugee camps. The paper concludes that whilst human rights declarations are essential in outlining a respected standard for global health and dignity, experience-based learning must pave the way for better communication between humanitarian workers and NGOs so that the human rights of displaced PLWHA can be safeguarded.