International Journal of

Arts , Humanities & Social Science

ISSN 2693-2547 (Print) , ISSN 2693-2555 (Online)
Georgia Prehistory: Indigenous People and How their Claims were Extinguished


The chiefdoms of pre-contact Georgia were as diverse as their ecological regions but shared kin-based subsistance-plus modes of production with patriarchal and matrilineal family structure.  Relations with each other and with the European colonial powers differed similarly but shared mechanisms of cooptation, brokering, and divide-and-conquer in the process of establishing tributary modes of production on the path to capitalist hegemony.  A comparison of coastal, lower piedmont, and mountain settlements of the Gaule, Creek, and Cherokee, illustrate these mechanisms and this process.