International Journal of

Arts , Humanities & Social Science

ISSN 2693-2547 (Print) , ISSN 2693-2555 (Online)
DOI: 10.56734/ijahss
Comparative Analysis of The First Movements in Beethoven's and Mozart's C Minor Piano Concertos



This paper compares the first movements of Beethoven's and Mozart's piano concertos in C minor, exploring the similarities and differences between these two seminal works. By examining various aspects, including the key, composition background, form, motifs, harmony, orchestral arrangements, dialogue between instruments, and piano writing, the study reveals Mozart's profound influence on Beethoven while highlighting the latter's unique innovations.

The analysis delves into the significance of the C minor key for both composers, their use of the double exposition form, and the structural design of the movements. The study also investigates the composers' employment of similar motifs and materials, demonstrating how they maintained unity throughout their respective works by deriving most elements from the first exposition. Furthermore, the paper examines the intricate dialogue between the piano and the orchestra, showcasing how both composers utilized the orchestra for harmonic support, melodic enhancement, and imitative counterpoint. Particular attention is given to the way Beethoven paid homage to Mozart through his treatment of the cadenza and the coda.

The comparison of piano writing reveals similarities in texture and general structure, with both composers employing arpeggios, scales, and trills as central themes, contrasted with lyrical sub-themes. However, the study also highlights Beethoven's more dramatic and extended treatment of the contrasting sections.

Through this comprehensive analysis, the paper illuminates the profound influence of Mozart on Beethoven's compositional style while also showcasing the latter's innovative approach, which helped usher in a new era of musical expression at the dawn of the Romantic period.