Countries in Africa are mostly classified based on geographical region or colonialism. These African countries have both similarities and differences which could be traced alongside the lines of language, culture, religion patterns and others. Some of these similarities and differences are present based on the region in which the country belongs to and historical factors of colonialism that shaped the identity of these countries. This paper analyses the differences and similarities present between the states in the Lake Chad region. This paper also discusses the differences and similarities of these countries when categorized geographically or by former colonial empires. As a continent, Africa is majorly surrounded by natural bodies of water. For context and easier understanding, a brief historical account is given for each country in the Lake Chad region. Following these are the similarities and differences identified in the Lake Chad region in the dimensions of study.